Volodin Viktor Mikhaylovich, Doctor of economic sciences, professor, dean of the faculty of economics and administration, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Surovitskaya Galina Vladimirovna, Doctor of economic sciences, associate professor, deputy head of Quality
management department, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), email@example.com
Safonova Olesya Nikolaevna, Candidate of economic sciences, associate professor, sub-department of economics and world economy, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Modernization of the Russian economy determines the necessity of introduction of mechanisms of project management, which can play an important role in ensuring the global competitiveness. The modern theory of innovative development of regions – the triple helix theory of innovative collaboration «universities – business – state» – considers the project activity actors and activities to improve business processes as key conditions to support growth and improve the quality of life in the regions. To maximize the opportunities opening in connection with adoption of the Federal law «On state strategic planning, appropriate approaches to planning the activity of actors». The purpose of the work is to analyze the contents and effectiveness of mechanisms of planning at the level of key actors of the regional innovation systems.
Materials and methods. Implementation of the research objectives was achieved on the basis of comparative analysis of the peculiarities of process and project planning in the bodies of state Executive power, in the real sector of the economy, in classical universities. A special place in the present study is taken by the benchmarking analysis of data on efficiency of activity planning in the pilot regions in the bodies of state power which are to implement project management, and of the large universities. Methodological potential includes the abstract- logical and economic-statistical methods, including the methods for peer review and benchmarking analysis, which allow identification of approaches to planning at the level of a particular actor, to compare its content and efficiency in the development of mechanisms of activity control.
Results. The authors investigated the mechanisms of process and project approach for planning the activities of the Executive government bodies, business structures, universities, analyzed the main elements of the planning processes, developed approach to the formation of organizational and economic mechanism of project management support, the necessity of organization of effective project offices as new organizational forms of project management.
Conclusions. Study of the peculiarities of process and project planning at the level of key actors of the regional innovation systems allows to understand the reasons for its ineffectiveness, identify relevant aspects of the methodology of planning and development trends, identify areas for improvement in the procedures for activity planning, justify the main functions of the project offices.
triple helix of innovation development «universities – business – state», actors, effectiveness, project management, process approach.
1. Il'in I. V., Antipin A. R., Levina A. I. Protsessnoe upravlenie: materialy nauch.-prakt. konf. [Process management: proceedings of the scientific and practical conference]. Available at: www.businessarchitecture.pro
2. Kropacheva M., Gerasimov A. Ratsional'noe upravlenie predpriyatiem [Entrprise rational management]. 2007, no. 5, pp. 12–15.
3. Volodin V. M., Surovitskaya G. V. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Obshchestvennye nauki [University proceedings. Volga region. Social sciences]. 2011, no. 2 (18), pp. 145–156.